10 geniuses who revolutionized architecture

Known to be the most influential personalities of architecture, Ospinas tells you why these artists innovative spirit changed the way to see the architecture, not as a simple construction, but as a work of art.

• Ieoh Ming Pei (United States)

He is considered the architect of the century, the godfather of modern architecture and probably the most important figure in this list. In the United States, France, or China are some of his buildings such as the Louvre Museum, the Tower Bank in Hong Kong, the Museum of Islamic Art or the John F. Kennedy Museum in Boston.

His work flirts with abstract geometric figures that seek to rescue the traditions of the Chinese style.


• Oscar Niemeyer (Brasil)

Niemeyer led Brazil to the big leagues of architecture by designing the first skyscraper that received government sponsorship and became the symbol of Brazilian modernism. It is considered one of the pioneers in the use of concrete and he is also known for designing the headquarters of the French Communist Party, the Niterói Contemporary Art Museum and the Igreja NS Military Peace Cathedral in Brazil.




• Le Corbusier (Switzerland)

Corbusier can`t miss this list of architects. Not only he was devoted to design, but has also been a urbanist, writer and painter. His concern for the quality of life and urban development was one of his biggest priorities. Some buildings in Bogota such as the Center for Peace, Memory and Reconciliation or the residential building El Bohio, resemble the aesthetics of his work.

His work is considered a milestone of modern design thanks to projects like the Villa Savoye near Paris, the National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo or the Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut in France.




• Antoni Gaudí (Spain)

Gaudí is the hero of Catalan modernism, his work transcended and left its mark on Barcelona thanks to the mix of his three styles of work (Spanish Late Gothic, Baroque and Art Nouveau) and the use of ornamental techniques such as trecandís, which was used in decorative mosaics with ceramic fragments.
Some examples of his design can be seen in the Millà House, Park Güell, Casa Vicens in Barcelona or La Sagrada Familia, one of the most popular churches in the world, which began construction in 1882 and in 2026 is estimated to be fully completed.



• Frank Lloyd Wright (United States)

Wright was the precursor of organic architecture -constructions that adapt to its natural environment- of the Prairie School. He was also the innovator of anti-earthquake system that developed in the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo.
Among his most memorable works are the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City, the Millard House in Pasadena or the house Fallingwater in Bear Run.




• Louis Sullivan (United States)

Sullivan is the father of modern skyscrapers. He welcomed in his works the beam-column construction which allowed erect buildings with large windows. His best known work is the majestic Auditorium of Chicago, which is considered a national historic monument.




• Alvar Aalto (Finland)

Aalto is synonymous with versatility and one of the most acclaimed figures of architecture. He even came to be regarded by his peers as “Master” a title valid only for those who are considered geniuses. His reputation is thanks to works like the Library of Viipuri in Russia, the Technological University of Helnsinki or the Opera House in Essen.




• Norman Foster (UK)

This British achieved one of the most unprecedented events in regarding construction: integrate architecture with nature without affecting the environment..
He has won over 190 awards and has been awarded 50 national and international competitions. Among his most important designs are the Millennium Bridge in London, the Hearst Tower in New York or London’s Wembley Stadium.




• Walter Burley Griffin (United States)

Griffin is one of the few architects of this list that can boast of having successfully designed a city, in this case, the capital of Australia, Canberra. With a career that spans for over 21 year career, he was one of the pioneers in the use of reinforced concrete.



• Frank Gehry (United States)

If there would be a pantheon of architecture, Gehry would be one of the greatest exponents. According to Vanity Fair, he is the “most important architect of our time” because he is the pioneer of deconstructionism, one technique that gives the buildings an appearance of controlled chaos by a non-linear design.
His portfolio include developments considered works of art in contemporary architecture such as the Marquis de Riscal Hotel in Elciego Vineyard, the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao and the Walt Disney Concert Hall architecture.



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